Are you a coffee connoisseur who has been wondering about the origin of your favorite beverage? Coffee is a magical beverage loved by many people around the world. A cup of this awesome beverage is enough to steer your energy to another level.
Coffee lovers should know the origin of the beans used to make the grounds they love. There are various varieties grown all over the world. Our relationship with coffee as connoisseurs requires us to know the factors suitable for producing premium beans.
Factors that determine what type of coffee should be grown in a certain region include the soil, amount of rain, altitude, and mode of picking. Some of the world’s best coffee comes from Ethiopia, Kenya, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Columbia, Brazil, Rwanda, Yemen, and Jamaica.
Ethiopia is the world’s largest producer of premium coffee. According to research, the country produced 6.6 million bags of coffee in 2013. Some of the best coffee beans are from Ethiopia, and that is why it is considered to be the birthplace of coffee, especially Arabica. History is told of how a goat herder named Kaldi discovered coffee and its benefits in 850 AD. Kaldi observed a spike in energy caused by coffee on his goats.
The high altitude where coffee is grown makes it the best in the world. All coffee drinkers who have tasted coffee from Ethiopia can confidently attest that all other beans taste like an imitation of Ethiopia’s coffee Arabica. Also, this country has the widest variety of genetic coffee that is yet to be classified.
Ethiopia produces both wild varieties as well as harvested, with Harare being the largest coffee producer.
Kenya comes a close second when it comes to coffee production around the world. Coffee grown in this country is characterized by acidity and berry undertones, with black currant being a popular note. It is also known for its rich flavors and bright taste.
Since it is grown on high altitudes that range well over 6000 feet, it can develop complex flavors. At the slopes of Mt Kenya, coffee grows freely with the low supply of oxygen and cool temperatures. The temperatures slow down the growth process hence the sweet, fruity, and floral flavors.
Costa Rica is home to classical coffee. Coffee connoisseurs agree that Costa Rican variety has gained a good reputation over the years because of the well-rounded coffee beans. The country boasts of wet-processed Arabicas. The quality of coffee beans is the epitome of Costa Rica.
In 1989, a law prohibiting farmers from planting low-quality beans in Costa Rica was passed. Farmers were encouraged to seek excellent variety that would yield premium quality coffee.
Up to this day, it is illegal to produce any other type of coffee that is not 100% Arabica.
Arabica is grown in high altitudes characterized by mild temperatures. The volcanic soils also contribute to the smooth, rich, and walnut-like flavor. The main regions where Arabica is grown are West Valley, Heredia, Central Valley Tres Rios, and Terraza.
One of the best types of coffee worldwide comes from the Mountains in Guatemala. The Central American Coffees are grown in the Antigua and Atitlan regions in the Central Highlands of the country. Coffee from Guatemala is less powerful, soft, and comes in complicated nuances.
98% of this coffee is washed Arabica that is normally dried out in the sun, with the highest grade being Strictly Hard Bean (SBH). Farmers in the coffee-growing regions organize themselves into cooperatives with mills to help prepare the coffees meticulously. Having coffee mills eases the preparation process making it convenient for the farmers.
Due to the climatic conditions of the central highlands, coffee from Guatemala has an intense and tart flavor loved by many.
Columbia is another giant in the coffee manufacturing business. It is well known for supplying 15% of coffee around the world. Premium quality Arabica is the primary variety grown in this country.
The Arabica is grouped into different grade types according to superiority. Different coffee qualities that come from Columbia include Excelso, Supremo, and Extra. However, Supremo is superior to the other types and is processed using innovative technology. This high-quality coffee is available in smooth grains that are large. As for the flavor, it is rich with a velvety aroma.
The extra-grade coffee type is inferior to Supremo in terms of quality. However, this does not mean that it is bad. This grade is smaller than Supremo, and it has a solid and energizing taste.
As for the Excelso coffee, it is obtained by mixing Supremo and Extra. Also, it is known for its acidic flavor.
Brazil is the largest producer of coffee consumed all over the world. This country supplies the world with a third of the total coffee consumed. The plantations cover 10,000 square miles located in the Southeastern states. The coffee-growing regions have a conducive environment suitable for the production of one of the world’s best types of coffee.
Since the volume of coffee is high, it is difficult to tell the specific strain grown. Farmers grow different types of coffee, ranging from low-grade Arabica to elegant and sophisticated strains. Factors that determine which variety will grow best in a certain region include; soil quality, climate, and altitude.
The beans from Brazil produce a sweet beverage with low acidity.
Jamaica is known for the production of the rare Blue Mountain coffee, which is the world’s most expensive variety. This type of coffee is not easy to find in any other part of the world. The Blue Mountain has a balanced and classic flavor that’s sweet and mild. It also has a smooth, clean and medium acidic taste.
This coffee grade is mainly grown at the eastern islands of Jamaica named Blue Islands. The region has an altitude of 2,000 ft to 5,000 ft, and only five estates are permitted to grow it. The bean is considered to be pricey and a luxurious commodity.
Yemen is a district in Arabia that has been cultivating Arabian Mocha since the 15th century. Later on in the 16th century, growing coffee expanded to other regions like Syria, Turkey, Egypt, and Persia.
This coffee has a chocolate flavor accentuated with wine notes which makes it very delicious. The coffee beans are small in size and have an unstandardized shape. Climate condition is one of the factors which influences the quality of coffee beans and also the flavor.
Even though Arabian Mocha is one of the sweetest in the world, it is mainly for consumption in Yemen. Low production volumes cannot allow the exportation of coffee.
Coffee is an energizing drink guaranteed to boost your moods and lift your spirits. Different varieties are grown worldwide depending on suitable conditions. Ethiopia is considered to be the birthplace of coffee because that is where it was first discovered. The country is known for premium Arabica Coffee.
Other countries we have discussed also produce different varieties based on factors like the type of soil, altitude, amount of rainfall, and the method of picking the beans. A true coffee lover ought to try different varieties to determine their favorite. With all these countries that grow coffee, you will be spoilt for choice.